Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 300,674
2 China 201,087
3 United Kingdom 169,827
4 Australia 64,464
5 Canada 46,075
6 Italy 42,723
7 Germany 42,684
8 Netherlands 40,878
9 Thailand 37,290
10 South Korea 36,695
11 Japan 34,465
12 Spain 32,945
13 Brazil 32,625
14 France 21,718
15 Switzerland 18,884
16 Turkey 18,515
17 Poland 18,207
18 Portugal 17,841
19 New Zealand 17,150
20 South Africa 15,773

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach