Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 338,907
2 China 214,811
3 United Kingdom 185,325
4 Australia 72,348
5 Canada 52,526
6 Netherlands 46,563
7 Italy 44,173
8 Germany 41,822
9 Thailand 38,736
10 South Korea 38,307
11 Japan 37,462
12 Brazil 34,077
13 Spain 33,833
14 France 21,053
15 Switzerland 20,756
16 New Zealand 20,294
17 Poland 19,104
18 Turkey 18,751
19 South Africa 17,695
20 Portugal 17,324

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach