Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 220,276
2 United States 212,029
3 United Kingdom 73,589
4 Brazil 45,214
5 India 40,464
6 Germany 37,623
7 Thailand 34,866
8 Japan 33,903
9 Italy 33,107
10 Canada 32,536
11 Spain 32,046
12 South Korea 29,674
13 Turkey 29,218
14 Australia 29,077
15 France 24,687
16 Netherlands 23,956
17 Mexico 22,874
18 Taiwan 20,234
19 Switzerland 18,190
20 Poland 17,970

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach