Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 227,957
2 United States 201,711
3 United Kingdom 74,358
4 Brazil 42,638
5 Germany 36,870
6 India 36,604
7 Italy 35,833
8 Japan 35,727
9 Spain 33,840
10 Thailand 31,661
11 South Korea 30,891
12 Canada 30,319
13 Australia 28,522
14 Turkey 27,390
15 France 25,118
16 Netherlands 23,767
17 Mexico 20,673
18 Taiwan 20,079
19 Belgium 18,500
20 Switzerland 18,492

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach