Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Australia 605,863
2 United Kingdom 279,032
3 United States 227,595
4 Canada 68,617
5 China 45,100
6 New Zealand 36,096
7 Turkey 31,888
8 Sweden 31,543
9 Ireland 30,296
10 Netherlands 19,163
11 Spain 18,668
12 Iran 17,300
13 Indonesia 16,141
14 Italy 15,468
15 Switzerland 13,149
16 Belgium 12,904
17 Norway 12,240
18 Brazil 11,847
19 Denmark 11,707
20 South Africa 11,348

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach