Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 118,430
2 Australia 75,782
3 United Kingdom 59,265
4 China 46,201
5 Canada 22,375
6 Spain 18,632
7 Turkey 12,378
8 South Korea 12,016
9 Malaysia 11,688
10 Japan 11,328
11 Netherlands 10,721
12 Brazil 9,929
13 Taiwan 8,943
14 New Zealand 8,940
15 Russia 7,360
16 Thailand 6,989
17 Mexico 6,653
18 Italy 6,405
19 France 5,930
20 Germany 5,846

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach