Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 70,128
2 United States 24,095
3 United Kingdom 11,370
4 Australia 6,417
5 Japan 5,056
6 Russia 4,437
7 Canada 4,359
8 India 3,842
9 Brazil 3,393
10 France 3,195
11 Thailand 3,028
12 Spain 2,804
13 Germany 2,351
14 Italy 2,303
15 South Korea 2,184
16 Netherlands 2,088
17 Turkey 1,940
18 Mexico 1,660
19 Sweden 1,512
20 Argentina 1,499

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach