Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Germany 224,334
2 United States 33,161
3 Austria 31,579
4 Switzerland 30,183
5 United Kingdom 19,897
6 China 17,701
7 Australia 12,874
8 Netherlands 11,796
9 Canada 7,478
10 Taiwan 3,807
11 France 3,091
12 Sweden 3,060
13 Italy 2,886
14 Brazil 2,875
15 Denmark 2,797
16 Japan 2,531
17 Belgium 2,510
18 Turkey 2,364
19 Norway 2,347
20 South Korea 2,296

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach