Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Germany 226,807
2 United States 32,987
3 Switzerland 27,816
4 Austria 25,428
5 United Kingdom 18,328
6 China 16,451
7 Netherlands 11,700
8 Australia 11,180
9 Canada 8,604
10 Taiwan 3,708
11 Brazil 2,897
12 Italy 2,850
13 Sweden 2,786
14 Denmark 2,622
15 France 2,587
16 Slovenia 2,449
17 Turkey 2,298
18 Belgium 2,227
19 Vietnam 2,123
20 Norway 2,099

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach