Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 193,312
2 Australia 167,582
3 United Kingdom 146,105
4 Canada 43,546
5 China 42,782
6 Spain 29,768
7 Brazil 22,775
8 Netherlands 21,564
9 Germany 21,415
10 Russia 19,966
11 Japan 19,819
12 New Zealand 16,446
13 Italy 16,372
14 Taiwan 16,212
15 India 15,904
16 Thailand 14,802
17 Sweden 14,742
18 Ireland 13,370
19 Turkey 13,318
20 France 13,128

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach