Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 205,858
2 Australia 157,054
3 United Kingdom 133,779
4 Canada 44,194
5 China 32,378
6 Spain 27,150
7 Brazil 26,807
8 Netherlands 22,840
9 Russia 22,693
10 Germany 19,142
11 Taiwan 18,653
12 Japan 18,647
13 Thailand 17,855
14 New Zealand 17,179
15 India 16,996
16 Turkey 14,323
17 Italy 14,208
18 Sweden 13,148
19 Ireland 12,862
20 Belgium 12,661

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach