Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 145,381
2 United States 138,225
3 India 102,028
4 United Kingdom 65,440
5 South Korea 43,738
6 Thailand 36,107
7 Japan 29,408
8 Germany 25,915
9 Russia 21,146
10 Taiwan 18,250
11 Turkey 18,172
12 Brazil 18,146
13 Australia 16,683
14 Malaysia 15,042
15 Iran 14,518
16 Italy 14,025
17 Canada 13,913
18 France 12,873
19 Switzerland 12,652
20 Indonesia 11,827

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach