Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 142,457
2 China 122,584
3 India 115,459
4 United Kingdom 65,134
5 South Korea 40,328
6 Thailand 40,029
7 Japan 28,254
8 Germany 25,713
9 Russia 21,824
10 Brazil 19,496
11 Taiwan 18,286
12 Malaysia 17,243
13 Turkey 16,807
14 Australia 16,035
15 Iran 14,749
16 Canada 14,591
17 Italy 13,561
18 France 13,522
19 Switzerland 12,725
20 Indonesia 12,209

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach