Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 France 128,023
2 United States 34,472
3 China 27,808
4 Canada 21,645
5 Algeria 17,982
6 Belgium 15,876
7 Switzerland 13,385
8 United Kingdom 8,835
9 Australia 7,920
10 Japan 6,765
11 Tunisia 6,411
12 Italy 6,297
13 Morocco 5,756
14 Brazil 5,301
15 Taiwan 4,244
16 Netherlands 3,714
17 Spain 3,670
18 Turkey 3,519
19 Pakistan 3,360
20 South Korea 3,285

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach