Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 218,553
2 China 89,250
3 United Kingdom 59,206
4 Italy 48,925
5 France 47,244
6 Canada 35,542
7 Netherlands 32,902
8 Japan 29,208
9 Australia 26,630
10 Germany 26,291
11 Turkey 19,848
12 Brazil 17,811
13 Spain 15,738
14 Belgium 15,550
15 South Korea 11,461
16 Switzerland 10,785
17 Mexico 9,910
18 Poland 8,810
19 Taiwan 7,723
20 Norway 6,803

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach