Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 225,069
2 China 95,111
3 United Kingdom 63,462
4 France 49,880
5 Italy 49,313
6 Canada 36,567
7 Netherlands 34,115
8 Japan 31,113
9 Australia 29,195
10 Germany 24,474
11 Turkey 23,058
12 Belgium 16,851
13 Brazil 16,417
14 Spain 16,336
15 South Korea 12,777
16 Switzerland 12,001
17 Poland 9,295
18 Mexico 8,802
19 Taiwan 7,607
20 Norway 6,899

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach