Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 184,859
2 United Kingdom 81,853
3 Italy 24,071
4 Japan 23,053
5 Brazil 20,957
6 Australia 17,617
7 Spain 17,531
8 China 17,074
9 South Korea 16,081
10 Canada 14,413
11 Germany 12,300
12 Belgium 11,297
13 France 11,057
14 Thailand 10,655
15 Switzerland 9,676
16 Taiwan 9,352
17 Colombia 7,694
18 Netherlands 6,622
19 Turkey 6,431
20 Denmark 5,430

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach