Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 32,947
2 United Kingdom 18,731
3 China 17,718
4 Netherlands 11,289
5 Australia 11,036
6 Germany 8,696
7 Canada 5,730
8 Japan 5,307
9 India 5,048
10 Switzerland 4,403
11 Italy 4,293
12 France 3,671
13 Belgium 3,564
14 South Korea 3,440
15 Malaysia 2,621
16 Spain 2,467
17 Taiwan 2,368
18 Indonesia 2,164
19 Sweden 2,007
20 Chile 1,950

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.