Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 36,693
2 China 21,715
3 United Kingdom 21,028
4 Netherlands 13,841
5 Australia 13,212
6 Germany 8,412
7 Japan 6,818
8 Canada 6,036
9 India 5,386
10 Italy 5,132
11 Switzerland 4,841
12 South Korea 4,453
13 France 4,256
14 Belgium 4,140
15 Spain 2,744
16 Taiwan 2,712
17 Malaysia 2,622
18 Sweden 2,344
19 Russia 2,317
20 Turkey 2,167

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.