Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 92,554
2 United Kingdom 44,176
3 China 22,310
4 France 12,976
5 Australia 12,269
6 Canada 11,937
7 India 9,089
8 Netherlands 9,089
9 Japan 8,061
10 Germany 7,917
11 Switzerland 6,768
12 Russia 6,404
13 Brazil 6,274
14 South Korea 4,733
15 Thailand 4,667
16 Italy 4,600
17 South Africa 3,970
18 Spain 3,698
19 Belgium 3,520
20 Norway 3,267

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach