Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 92,082
2 United Kingdom 46,690
3 China 27,011
4 France 14,019
5 Australia 12,834
6 Canada 12,365
7 Netherlands 9,070
8 India 9,027
9 Germany 8,910
10 Japan 8,879
11 Switzerland 7,302
12 Russia 6,154
13 Brazil 5,709
14 Italy 5,514
15 South Korea 5,402
16 Thailand 4,638
17 Spain 4,095
18 Belgium 3,805
19 Norway 3,744
20 Hong Kong 3,638

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach