Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 200,266
2 United Kingdom 138,748
3 Australia 61,206
4 China 57,820
5 Canada 40,471
6 Turkey 35,006
7 Italy 26,143
8 Netherlands 23,155
9 Brazil 22,155
10 Thailand 21,391
11 France 20,667
12 Germany 20,492
13 Spain 18,923
14 India 16,526
15 Japan 16,408
16 South Africa 14,074
17 South Korea 11,741
18 Malaysia 11,417
19 Switzerland 11,049
20 Portugal 10,893

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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