Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 212,392
2 United Kingdom 153,440
3 Australia 67,881
4 China 53,808
5 Canada 44,129
6 Turkey 38,019
7 Italy 27,035
8 Netherlands 23,787
9 Brazil 21,038
10 Thailand 19,515
11 Spain 19,211
12 France 19,132
13 Germany 18,052
14 Japan 17,481
15 South Africa 14,941
16 India 14,764
17 South Korea 12,248
18 Portugal 11,639
19 Switzerland 11,487
20 Sweden 10,390

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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