Publication Options

500 375 250 125 44 465 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 44 465 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  • 27
  • 414
  • 26
  • 431
  • 18
  • 459
  • 25
  • 445
  • 44
  • 465

About Publication Options

Discover how many authors have chosen to publish open access in this journal.

Metrics

Year TOTAL PUBLISHED Subscription Open access articles
2020 509 465 44
2019 470 445 25
2018 477 459 18
2017 457 431 26
2016 441 414 27

Definition

Publishing open access

If an author has chosen to publish open access, their article will be made immediately and freely available upon publication on ScienceDirect, in perpetuity, with the author’s chosen user license. Publication is typically funded by an upfront payment made by authors, their institution or funding bodies, commonly known as an Article Publishing Charge (APC). In some journals publication is subsidised by a third party and therefore no upfront payment is required.

Publishing under the subscription model

If an author has chosen to publish under the subscription model, their article will be made available on ScienceDirect and will be accessible to the subscribing institutions and individuals, which fund the publication of the article.

Elsevier also makes research published under the subscription model completely free to access in specific situations, including during health emergencies, to patients and caregivers, and to institutions in low- and middle-income countries.

We never charge for the same article twice: When calculating subscription prices, we do not take into account growth in open access articles. For more information, please see here.

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