Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 633,714
2 United States 536,700
3 United Kingdom 195,979
4 India 112,686
5 Japan 102,060
6 Brazil 90,314
7 Turkey 87,682
8 Australia 87,253
9 Germany 81,920
10 South Korea 78,646
11 Canada 76,509
12 Taiwan 70,293
13 France 67,245
14 Italy 60,133
15 Netherlands 47,808
16 Thailand 47,513
17 Spain 43,397
18 Poland 36,501
19 Malaysia 35,087
20 Switzerland 34,689

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach