Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 183,768
2 United States 22,097
3 India 12,417
4 South Korea 8,266
5 Canada 6,518
6 United Kingdom 6,450
7 France 5,585
8 Australia 5,301
9 Brazil 4,956
10 Turkey 4,599
11 Taiwan 3,941
12 Japan 3,849
13 Iran 3,678
14 Netherlands 3,668
15 Thailand 3,633
16 Italy 3,606
17 Germany 3,208
18 Mexico 2,324
19 Hong Kong 1,904
20 Spain 1,883

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach