Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 962,651
2 United Kingdom 423,103
3 Australia 209,279
4 Canada 132,319
5 China 76,188
6 Netherlands 55,709
7 Ireland 38,535
8 Turkey 37,884
9 Spain 34,116
10 Hong Kong 29,982
11 Israel 29,923
12 France 29,740
13 Italy 25,965
14 Japan 23,358
15 Greece 22,489
16 Belgium 22,311
17 Taiwan 21,962
18 New Zealand 20,664
19 Malaysia 18,324
20 Sweden 17,560

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach