Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 950,681
2 United Kingdom 387,418
3 Australia 190,041
4 Canada 128,613
5 China 75,683
6 Netherlands 53,146
7 Ireland 38,194
8 Turkey 34,026
9 Spain 31,222
10 France 28,318
11 Hong Kong 27,721
12 Israel 27,608
13 Italy 24,726
14 Japan 22,535
15 Belgium 21,364
16 Taiwan 21,291
17 Malaysia 20,266
18 Greece 20,047
19 New Zealand 19,587
20 Germany 17,596

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach