Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 415,523
2 China 194,892
3 United Kingdom 150,982
4 Japan 99,283
5 South Korea 89,318
6 Australia 55,585
7 Turkey 51,745
8 Netherlands 48,037
9 Italy 47,357
10 Switzerland 46,977
11 Canada 45,862
12 Germany 43,516
13 Taiwan 42,787
14 France 39,666
15 Spain 38,682
16 Brazil 38,323
17 Egypt 33,339
18 Thailand 29,807
19 Colombia 24,276
20 India 21,876

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach