Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 381,814
2 China 187,958
3 United Kingdom 152,725
4 Japan 102,131
5 South Korea 85,214
6 Australia 55,297
7 Turkey 49,878
8 Canada 48,361
9 Netherlands 46,387
10 Italy 44,251
11 Taiwan 39,303
12 Germany 38,469
13 Switzerland 37,419
14 Spain 34,358
15 France 33,983
16 Brazil 31,739
17 Egypt 31,140
18 Thailand 25,707
19 Belgium 18,991
20 Colombia 17,895

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach