Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 525,199
2 United States 243,271
3 India 112,560
4 South Korea 96,356
5 United Kingdom 55,975
6 Taiwan 44,827
7 Japan 43,337
8 Germany 41,690
9 Australia 30,814
10 Canada 29,625
11 France 26,002
12 Italy 25,068
13 Brazil 24,070
14 Spain 23,260
15 Singapore 22,944
16 Turkey 21,057
17 Mexico 17,747
18 Iran 16,321
19 Netherlands 15,507
20 Malaysia 13,509

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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