Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 796,788
2 United States 244,918
3 South Korea 104,915
4 India 93,279
5 United Kingdom 63,198
6 Japan 45,619
7 Taiwan 42,128
8 Australia 40,215
9 Germany 37,472
10 Canada 33,372
11 Brazil 25,833
12 Italy 24,973
13 Spain 24,463
14 Turkey 24,035
15 France 21,990
16 Singapore 21,043
17 Iran 17,880
18 Netherlands 17,124
19 Hong Kong 16,919
20 Mexico 16,179

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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