Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 199,746
2 India 109,773
3 United States 91,516
4 United Kingdom 37,454
5 Turkey 27,679
6 South Korea 27,489
7 Taiwan 26,616
8 Canada 22,075
9 Australia 20,741
10 Malaysia 19,467
11 Japan 19,316
12 Brazil 18,813
13 Germany 17,735
14 Iran 14,310
15 Spain 13,845
16 France 13,529
17 Indonesia 13,302
18 Italy 13,194
19 Mexico 12,412
20 Thailand 10,296

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach