Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 261,621
2 India 122,257
3 United States 110,622
4 United Kingdom 45,114
5 Turkey 33,913
6 South Korea 32,626
7 Taiwan 28,246
8 Canada 27,192
9 Australia 25,951
10 Japan 23,357
11 Brazil 21,752
12 Malaysia 20,579
13 Germany 19,524
14 Iran 17,282
15 Spain 16,047
16 Italy 16,042
17 France 14,963
18 Mexico 14,792
19 Indonesia 14,467
20 Thailand 11,879

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach