Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 550,440
2 China 297,540
3 United Kingdom 207,090
4 Australia 105,004
5 Japan 77,557
6 Italy 71,245
7 Canada 70,147
8 South Korea 60,480
9 Netherlands 54,723
10 Germany 50,895
11 Turkey 50,780
12 Taiwan 46,838
13 Thailand 37,297
14 Brazil 37,119
15 India 34,724
16 France 33,824
17 Spain 33,475
18 Russia 33,401
19 Mexico 27,065
20 Switzerland 24,902

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach