Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 548,041
2 China 313,388
3 United Kingdom 230,857
4 Australia 110,692
5 Japan 83,151
6 Canada 70,915
7 Italy 68,012
8 South Korea 64,197
9 Netherlands 56,424
10 Turkey 54,840
11 Germany 50,672
12 Taiwan 48,894
13 Thailand 35,402
14 India 35,333
15 Spain 34,374
16 Brazil 33,681
17 France 32,380
18 Russia 31,117
19 Switzerland 26,296
20 Mexico 22,222

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach