Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 334,345
2 Netherlands 39,989
3 Australia 39,715
4 Canada 29,328
5 United Kingdom 26,492
6 Italy 21,809
7 Belgium 19,247
8 Taiwan 16,311
9 Germany 14,897
10 South Korea 13,555
11 Switzerland 11,762
12 Mexico 10,259
13 China 8,194
14 Japan 6,780
15 Sweden 6,577
16 Spain 5,095
17 Hong Kong 4,866
18 Israel 4,521
19 France 4,088
20 Austria 3,456

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach