Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 252,058
2 Australia 29,880
3 Netherlands 22,140
4 Canada 20,531
5 United Kingdom 19,113
6 Italy 16,628
7 Belgium 14,303
8 Taiwan 13,349
9 Germany 12,461
10 South Korea 10,236
11 Mexico 9,516
12 Switzerland 7,202
13 China 5,684
14 Japan 5,166
15 Sweden 4,376
16 Spain 3,370
17 Hong Kong 3,349
18 Israel 3,289
19 France 3,013
20 Denmark 2,580

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach