Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 176,503
2 Australia 21,676
3 Netherlands 16,131
4 Canada 13,893
5 United Kingdom 13,389
6 Italy 11,496
7 Belgium 10,683
8 Germany 10,312
9 Taiwan 10,193
10 Mexico 8,452
11 South Korea 7,693
12 Switzerland 5,309
13 China 4,382
14 Japan 4,002
15 Sweden 2,881
16 Israel 2,479
17 Hong Kong 2,446
18 Spain 2,340
19 France 2,245
20 Denmark 1,970

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach