Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 364,382
2 Netherlands 53,180
3 Australia 44,537
4 Canada 35,380
5 United Kingdom 31,478
6 Italy 24,674
7 Belgium 21,941
8 Switzerland 16,893
9 Taiwan 15,864
10 South Korea 14,364
11 Germany 12,039
12 Sweden 8,649
13 China 7,501
14 Japan 7,249
15 Spain 5,600
16 Hong Kong 5,397
17 Israel 5,044
18 Norway 4,901
19 Mexico 4,714
20 France 4,511

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach