Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 896,413
2 United Kingdom 573,775
3 Australia 231,809
4 Canada 182,582
5 Netherlands 99,533
6 China 59,762
7 Germany 54,409
8 Belgium 33,050
9 Italy 32,687
10 Turkey 32,112
11 Sweden 27,308
12 Ireland 26,509
13 Spain 25,491
14 Israel 25,456
15 France 22,591
16 Brazil 21,646
17 New Zealand 21,452
18 Malaysia 21,348
19 South Korea 18,708
20 Indonesia 17,015

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach