Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 22,400
2 United Kingdom 18,421
3 United States 12,358
4 Malaysia 9,231
5 Turkey 5,700
6 Australia 5,452
7 Indonesia 4,940
8 India 4,183
9 Canada 3,276
10 Germany 2,716
11 Greece 2,609
12 Netherlands 2,568
13 Russia 2,445
14 South Africa 2,416
15 Iran 2,089
16 France 1,795
17 Italy 1,793
18 Thailand 1,686
19 South Korea 1,515
20 Pakistan 1,491

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.