Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 59,620
2 United Kingdom 35,345
3 Spain 23,567
4 Australia 18,103
5 China 14,311
6 Germany 12,491
7 Canada 10,059
8 Colombia 8,383
9 Netherlands 7,653
10 Turkey 5,870
11 Indonesia 5,334
12 India 4,646
13 Malaysia 4,486
14 Italy 4,415
15 Taiwan 3,586
16 Mexico 3,557
17 Switzerland 3,549
18 Iran 3,530
19 South Korea 3,296
20 France 3,270

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.