Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 280,317
2 India 152,041
3 United States 134,515
4 United Kingdom 57,712
5 Australia 50,983
6 Russia 46,711
7 Japan 34,471
8 Germany 34,243
9 Canada 34,011
10 Brazil 33,528
11 South Africa 20,810
12 Turkey 17,937
13 Italy 17,253
14 France 16,835
15 South Korea 15,344
16 Malaysia 13,980
17 Iran 12,066
18 Taiwan 11,566
19 Spain 10,287
20 Netherlands 9,893

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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