Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 267,841
2 United States 126,676
3 United Kingdom 35,592
4 Japan 23,982
5 India 19,944
6 Germany 18,935
7 South Korea 15,856
8 France 15,243
9 Canada 14,829
10 Australia 13,625
11 Taiwan 10,117
12 Italy 9,746
13 Netherlands 9,614
14 Brazil 9,043
15 Spain 8,643
16 Turkey 6,560
17 Thailand 6,526
18 Mexico 5,761
19 Switzerland 5,628
20 Belgium 4,752

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach