Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 324,850
2 United States 116,324
3 United Kingdom 33,388
4 Japan 24,181
5 India 17,004
6 South Korea 15,426
7 Germany 15,360
8 Canada 14,651
9 France 14,528
10 Australia 13,183
11 Italy 9,669
12 Netherlands 9,397
13 Taiwan 9,161
14 Spain 8,448
15 Brazil 7,963
16 Turkey 6,828
17 Hong Kong 5,939
18 Thailand 5,527
19 Switzerland 5,431
20 Belgium 5,082

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach