Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 185,641
2 China 152,879
3 India 52,589
4 United Kingdom 49,301
5 Germany 37,661
6 Japan 27,405
7 South Korea 23,665
8 Canada 20,121
9 Australia 17,124
10 France 15,815
11 Italy 15,722
12 Taiwan 14,667
13 Russia 13,796
14 Netherlands 11,910
15 Switzerland 11,733
16 Spain 11,292
17 Brazil 10,510
18 Turkey 7,834
19 Mexico 7,616
20 Thailand 7,131

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach