Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 220,734
2 United States 185,761
3 India 50,305
4 United Kingdom 49,272
5 Germany 38,139
6 Japan 28,952
7 South Korea 27,174
8 Canada 19,535
9 Australia 17,413
10 France 16,580
11 Italy 15,915
12 Taiwan 14,698
13 Russia 13,086
14 Switzerland 12,734
15 Netherlands 12,405
16 Spain 11,905
17 Brazil 9,578
18 Hong Kong 8,180
19 Turkey 8,101
20 Sweden 7,309

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach