Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 63,825
2 United States 55,793
3 Japan 13,310
4 United Kingdom 10,752
5 South Korea 10,662
6 India 7,533
7 Italy 7,160
8 Germany 7,101
9 Mexico 6,906
10 Russia 6,767
11 Brazil 6,622
12 Taiwan 6,468
13 Switzerland 6,073
14 Australia 5,856
15 Spain 5,524
16 Canada 5,180
17 Turkey 4,951
18 France 4,765
19 Thailand 4,411
20 Netherlands 3,796

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.