Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 48,014
2 United States 30,410
3 United Kingdom 11,191
4 Japan 10,537
5 Turkey 9,482
6 Brazil 8,440
7 Russia 7,123
8 Australia 7,059
9 Poland 6,917
10 South Korea 6,231
11 Canada 5,341
12 Italy 5,237
13 Thailand 4,983
14 India 4,689
15 Spain 4,540
16 Mexico 4,465
17 France 4,124
18 Taiwan 3,620
19 Germany 3,018
20 Switzerland 2,653

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach