Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 46,720
2 United States 27,278
3 United Kingdom 15,680
4 Brazil 12,266
5 Russia 9,943
6 Australia 9,731
7 Ethiopia 9,567
8 India 7,052
9 Canada 6,787
10 Netherlands 5,593
11 Colombia 5,396
12 Indonesia 5,213
13 Thailand 5,030
14 Poland 4,273
15 France 4,047
16 South Africa 3,977
17 Malaysia 3,959
18 Turkey 3,915
19 Italy 3,613
20 Japan 3,600

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach