Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 Germany 22,960
2 United States 6,111
3 China 4,899
4 Switzerland 2,632
5 United Kingdom 2,298
6 Austria 1,962
7 Australia 1,740
8 Sweden 1,530
9 New Zealand 759
10 Canada 723
11 Italy 713
12 Spain 655
13 Ireland 634
14 Netherlands 609
15 France 536
16 South Korea 504
17 Colombia 492
18 Egypt 484
19 Taiwan 449
20 Denmark 443

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach