Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 552,318
2 United States 418,424
3 United Kingdom 318,566
4 Australia 161,089
5 Canada 124,449
6 Netherlands 72,852
7 Hong Kong 55,969
8 Italy 54,880
9 South Korea 54,873
10 Sweden 52,062
11 Brazil 51,706
12 Turkey 48,488
13 Taiwan 48,040
14 Malaysia 47,926
15 Japan 47,036
16 Germany 42,022
17 France 31,355
18 Spain 31,340
19 Poland 29,684
20 Indonesia 28,542

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach