Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 100,732
2 United States 91,671
3 China 54,700
4 Australia 30,161
5 Brazil 24,122
6 Canada 23,601
7 Germany 18,729
8 Netherlands 18,711
9 Spain 16,544
10 France 14,167
11 Italy 13,534
12 South Africa 10,871
13 Mexico 9,455
14 Portugal 9,258
15 India 8,959
16 Colombia 7,867
17 Japan 7,822
18 Sweden 6,936
19 Malaysia 6,844
20 Belgium 6,547

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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