Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 84,193
2 United States 83,076
3 China 46,927
4 Australia 27,039
5 Brazil 21,326
6 Canada 20,824
7 Germany 19,789
8 Netherlands 15,726
9 Spain 13,717
10 France 12,617
11 Italy 12,196
12 South Africa 10,484
13 Mexico 10,075
14 India 9,273
15 Portugal 8,028
16 Colombia 7,792
17 Japan 6,543
18 Malaysia 6,540
19 Sweden 6,141
20 Indonesia 6,124

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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