Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 241,314
2 United States 93,734
3 Brazil 88,560
4 United Kingdom 41,056
5 Japan 38,545
6 Turkey 37,118
7 South Korea 32,063
8 Italy 18,424
9 Iran 17,624
10 France 16,881
11 Germany 15,506
12 Australia 14,956
13 Canada 14,860
14 Poland 14,760
15 Taiwan 14,623
16 Spain 12,554
17 Russia 10,952
18 Netherlands 10,549
19 Portugal 9,575
20 Thailand 9,494

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach