Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 407,534
2 China 289,315
3 United Kingdom 118,455
4 Japan 114,322
5 Germany 93,887
6 India 77,495
7 Canada 55,130
8 South Korea 50,434
9 Italy 44,408
10 France 41,628
11 Brazil 41,372
12 Australia 39,416
13 Switzerland 31,763
14 Taiwan 29,699
15 Russia 29,197
16 Netherlands 28,851
17 Spain 28,754
18 Mexico 21,491
19 Denmark 18,948
20 Poland 18,480

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach