Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 54,340
2 United States 28,581
3 United Kingdom 23,578
4 Germany 22,195
5 India 22,117
6 Brazil 12,256
7 France 9,987
8 Spain 9,926
9 Canada 9,321
10 Netherlands 8,508
11 Australia 8,117
12 Italy 7,899
13 South Korea 7,442
14 Indonesia 5,266
15 Taiwan 5,187
16 Turkey 4,999
17 Thailand 4,743
18 Greece 4,650
19 Malaysia 4,649
20 Ireland 3,972

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach