Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 49,496
2 United States 24,371
3 United Kingdom 18,507
4 Germany 17,252
5 India 11,145
6 Brazil 8,291
7 Netherlands 8,268
8 France 8,236
9 Spain 7,337
10 Australia 6,988
11 Canada 6,892
12 Italy 6,849
13 South Korea 5,563
14 Greece 3,791
15 Turkey 3,712
16 Ireland 3,451
17 Belgium 3,388
18 Switzerland 3,307
19 Malaysia 3,190
20 Japan 3,121

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach