Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 55,257
2 United States 30,655
3 India 27,015
4 Germany 25,284
5 United Kingdom 25,246
6 Brazil 13,148
7 France 10,278
8 Canada 9,921
9 Spain 9,779
10 South Korea 8,714
11 Italy 8,450
12 Australia 8,256
13 Netherlands 8,159
14 Taiwan 6,523
15 Thailand 5,877
16 Indonesia 5,693
17 Turkey 5,452
18 Malaysia 5,338
19 Greece 5,327
20 Ireland 4,154

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach