Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 52,168
2 United States 26,611
3 United Kingdom 20,714
4 Germany 19,807
5 India 16,298
6 Brazil 10,315
7 Spain 9,279
8 Canada 9,266
9 France 9,000
10 Netherlands 8,890
11 Australia 7,389
12 Italy 7,283
13 South Korea 6,378
14 Turkey 4,501
15 Greece 4,435
16 Taiwan 4,110
17 Malaysia 3,769
18 Ireland 3,722
19 Indonesia 3,712
20 Thailand 3,450

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach