Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 204,269
2 United Kingdom 99,253
3 Australia 48,267
4 China 47,507
5 Canada 30,426
6 Netherlands 23,482
7 Germany 15,368
8 Indonesia 11,618
9 Spain 11,422
10 Ireland 10,004
11 Japan 9,743
12 Italy 9,184
13 Malaysia 9,080
14 Turkey 8,935
15 South Africa 7,975
16 India 7,900
17 New Zealand 7,347
18 South Korea 7,331
19 France 7,025
20 Sweden 6,871

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach