Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 200,133
2 United Kingdom 90,134
3 Australia 45,785
4 China 40,696
5 Canada 29,547
6 Netherlands 20,832
7 Germany 16,195
8 Indonesia 10,674
9 Spain 10,104
10 Malaysia 9,457
11 Ireland 8,938
12 Japan 8,299
13 Turkey 8,182
14 South Africa 8,066
15 India 7,731
16 Italy 7,477
17 New Zealand 7,295
18 South Korea 6,430
19 Sweden 6,313
20 France 6,140

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach