Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 40,335
2 United States 18,547
3 United Kingdom 10,075
4 India 9,601
5 South Korea 8,062
6 Brazil 6,018
7 Australia 5,095
8 Taiwan 4,876
9 Japan 4,809
10 Netherlands 4,808
11 Malaysia 4,534
12 Canada 4,091
13 Turkey 3,725
14 Hong Kong 3,543
15 France 3,482
16 Thailand 3,462
17 Iran 3,428
18 Germany 3,322
19 Italy 3,026
20 Indonesia 2,823

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach