Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 66,377
2 United States 25,903
3 India 15,220
4 United Kingdom 7,705
5 South Korea 7,363
6 Japan 6,850
7 Taiwan 6,258
8 Turkey 6,177
9 Canada 5,711
10 Russia 5,250
11 Germany 5,234
12 France 4,214
13 Iran 3,789
14 Brazil 3,338
15 Australia 3,338
16 Spain 2,805
17 Malaysia 2,460
18 Italy 2,255
19 Thailand 2,026
20 Mexico 2,014

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach