Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 458,947
2 United Kingdom 185,618
3 Australia 96,601
4 Canada 67,083
5 China 60,199
6 Italy 47,800
7 Germany 43,845
8 France 43,605
9 Switzerland 31,345
10 Netherlands 30,944
11 Belgium 29,414
12 Brazil 23,566
13 Ireland 22,808
14 Turkey 19,474
15 Spain 18,955
16 Japan 14,411
17 India 11,556
18 South Korea 9,454
19 Portugal 9,287
20 Poland 8,533

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach