Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 412,895
2 China 189,045
3 United Kingdom 125,911
4 Japan 80,931
5 Germany 56,966
6 Canada 45,777
7 France 45,653
8 India 31,645
9 Italy 30,861
10 South Korea 28,257
11 Spain 25,968
12 Netherlands 25,387
13 Switzerland 24,539
14 Taiwan 20,207
15 Australia 18,526
16 Brazil 15,920
17 Russia 14,710
18 Denmark 14,063
19 Poland 13,512
20 Sweden 11,723

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach