Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 392,049
2 China 201,107
3 United Kingdom 120,195
4 Japan 78,025
5 Germany 48,783
6 France 43,903
7 Canada 42,663
8 South Korea 30,117
9 Italy 29,479
10 India 26,568
11 Spain 26,121
12 Netherlands 24,600
13 Switzerland 21,947
14 Taiwan 19,493
15 Australia 18,662
16 Denmark 14,030
17 Brazil 13,432
18 Russia 13,423
19 Poland 13,044
20 Sweden 12,040

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach