Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 431,779
2 China 257,862
3 United Kingdom 189,143
4 Australia 91,932
5 Canada 78,646
6 Japan 59,740
7 South Korea 55,251
8 Italy 54,606
9 Netherlands 53,219
10 Germany 45,585
11 Brazil 40,170
12 Spain 40,091
13 France 39,246
14 Taiwan 37,861
15 Turkey 25,187
16 Switzerland 21,447
17 Sweden 18,612
18 Belgium 18,439
19 Mexico 18,388
20 India 18,073

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.