Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 465,369
2 China 375,968
3 United Kingdom 209,157
4 Australia 106,914
5 Canada 86,592
6 Japan 68,786
7 South Korea 65,546
8 Italy 59,783
9 Netherlands 57,243
10 Spain 47,164
11 Germany 43,856
12 Taiwan 41,604
13 France 41,180
14 Brazil 39,913
15 Turkey 31,624
16 Switzerland 25,594
17 Belgium 21,033
18 Sweden 20,426
19 Hong Kong 19,823
20 Portugal 18,632

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.