Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 213,246
2 China 168,277
3 United Kingdom 61,896
4 Japan 42,395
5 Canada 30,512
6 Germany 26,299
7 South Korea 26,237
8 Italy 25,953
9 Australia 24,475
10 France 22,381
11 India 19,308
12 Netherlands 16,965
13 Spain 16,941
14 Taiwan 15,603
15 Brazil 14,603
16 Turkey 10,992
17 Switzerland 10,222
18 Mexico 9,787
19 Sweden 9,177
20 Poland 9,016

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach