Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 250,068
2 United States 129,012
3 Japan 40,454
4 United Kingdom 33,158
5 India 33,128
6 South Korea 33,048
7 Turkey 24,004
8 Brazil 23,250
9 Taiwan 22,702
10 Germany 20,904
11 France 20,673
12 Spain 18,283
13 Canada 16,820
14 Italy 15,698
15 Poland 14,870
16 Australia 14,760
17 Thailand 13,317
18 Mexico 13,151
19 Iran 12,078
20 Russia 11,209

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach