Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 351,302
2 China 337,059
3 United Kingdom 136,689
4 Brazil 102,573
5 France 72,791
6 Japan 71,757
7 Thailand 70,699
8 Australia 66,356
9 India 57,037
10 Canada 49,254
11 Italy 47,591
12 South Korea 44,269
13 Germany 39,537
14 Mexico 36,549
15 Spain 35,570
16 Turkey 32,935
17 Iran 32,386
18 Colombia 30,943
19 Russia 30,841
20 Netherlands 29,542

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach