Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 122,752
2 United Kingdom 122,612
3 United States 54,555
4 Australia 36,197
5 India 31,024
6 Indonesia 28,467
7 Malaysia 27,417
8 Turkey 22,322
9 Netherlands 19,050
10 Germany 16,019
11 South Africa 15,270
12 Brazil 12,682
13 South Korea 11,681
14 Taiwan 11,650
15 France 10,646
16 Pakistan 10,601
17 Russia 9,642
18 Canada 9,255
19 Thailand 7,957
20 Italy 7,453

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach