Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 612,844
2 United Kingdom 150,678
3 Australia 92,688
4 China 82,513
5 Canada 63,051
6 Netherlands 34,816
7 Japan 31,929
8 Germany 26,916
9 Switzerland 22,920
10 South Korea 21,226
11 France 19,949
12 Spain 19,257
13 Brazil 16,253
14 Italy 16,150
15 Taiwan 15,983
16 Turkey 14,812
17 Sweden 12,809
18 Ireland 11,794
19 Denmark 11,339
20 Belgium 10,921

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach