Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 586,451
2 United Kingdom 141,818
3 Australia 86,232
4 China 74,209
5 Canada 58,825
6 Netherlands 32,695
7 Japan 28,857
8 Germany 28,650
9 Switzerland 20,370
10 South Korea 19,400
11 France 19,194
12 Brazil 16,951
13 Spain 16,856
14 Taiwan 16,822
15 Italy 16,017
16 Thailand 12,888
17 Turkey 12,588
18 Sweden 11,919
19 Ireland 11,051
20 Denmark 10,612

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach