Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 95,638
2 China 10,370
3 Australia 4,566
4 Canada 3,039
5 United Kingdom 2,720
6 South Africa 2,443
7 Netherlands 2,314
8 Japan 2,088
9 Mexico 1,411
10 Russia 1,363
11 Switzerland 1,351
12 Ethiopia 1,212
13 Germany 1,204
14 Iran 1,200
15 Brazil 1,185
16 Italy 1,130
17 Argentina 867
18 Sweden 845
19 India 694
20 France 656

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach